Sir Paulias Nguna Matane, GCL, GCMG, OBE, KStJ ( born 21 September 1931) was the eight Governor-General of Papua New Guinea, serving from 29 June 2004 to 13 December 2010. His memoir My Childhood in New Guinea has been on the school curriculum since the 1970s, and for many years he wrote a column in the newspaper The National.
Matane is a Tolai, from East New Britain Province, a native speaker of Kuanua and staunch United Churchman. He has written 44 books which deliberately has use extremely simple English, focusing in part on his own overseas travels, including three on the State of Israel. His writing is intended to persuade Papua New Guineans that books are a useful source of information and that they should not regard them as something only for foreigners.
For many years Matane wrote a column in the Malaysian Chinese-own newspaper The National, containing advice to the younger generation. He also founded the United News Agency of Melanesia. He, together with Grand Chief the Right Honourable Michael Somare, makes a point of wearing a lap-lap (skirt) rather than trousers.
Matane served as the first Ambassador to the United States following the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries.
Matane was elected Governor-General by Parliament on 27 May 2004. He was sworn in on 29 June 2004, and was officially invested as Governor-General by Queen Elizabeth II on 13 October 2004.