Papua New Guinea’s own national honours and awards system, known as “The Orders of Papua New Guinea”, was formally established on 23rd August 2005 by authority of The Queen and Head of State of the Independence State of Papua New Guinea, Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth the Second.
The Queen is the Sovereign and Head of The Orders of Papua New Guinea.
Her Representative, the Governor-General of Papua New Guinea, is the Chancellor of The Orders of Papua New Guinea and Principal Grand Companion of the Order of Logohu.
Three Members of the Royal Family, namely HRH Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh, HRH Prince Charles of Wales, and HRH Princess Anne, the Princess Royal, have received the award of the Grand Companion of the Order of Logohu.
The Princess Royal’s husband, Rear Admiral Timothy Laurence, has received the award of the Companion of the Order of the Star of Melanesia.
The first Honours List which was announced on the occasion of Papua New Guinea’s 30th Independence anniversary recognized the contribution to nation building by a former Prime Minister Sir Julius Chan, former Governor-General Sir Tore Lokoloko, Anglican Archbishop Sir David Hand, PNG’s first woman MP, Dame Josephine Abaijah, Chief Justice, the late Sir Mari Kapi and one of the fathers of the National Constitution, John Momis. They were all conferred the title of “Chief” and made Grand Companions of the Order of Logohu.
Leading the first List were the Governor-General, Grand Chief Sir Paulias Matane, and the nation’s Chief Minister and first Prime Minister, Grand Chief Sir Michael Somare who were made Grand Companions of the Order of Logohu.
The awards were presented on behalf of the Queen by Her Royal Highness the Princess Royal who was the Special Guest at the 30th Anniversary celebrations.
Also included in the List as Grand Companions of the Order of Logohu were the Governor-General of Australia, Major-General Michael Jeffery, who served in Papua New Guinea during his long career in the Australian Army, and The Hon. Gough William, who was Australia’s Prime Minister when Papua New Guinea attained its independence in 1975.
Four other international statesmen have been awarded the Grand Companion of the Order of Logohu. The Hon. William Jefferson, former President of the United States of America and The Hon. Andrew Peacock, former Australian Foreign Minister, were awarded in 2006. The Hon. Bob Hawke, former Australian Prime Minister, was awarded in 2009. The President of the Republic of Indonesia, His Laisenia Qarase (Fiji) – and also to the Governor of the Autonomous Province of Papua in the Republic of Indonesia, The Hon. Barnabas Phengga Suebu.
Philosophy underlying the Order of Papua New Guinea
The purpose of the Order of Papua New Guinea is to recognise, by national honour, those who have made outstanding contributions that benefit their communities, and ultimately our country.
The second purpose of the Order of Papua New Guinea is that it serves to define, encourage and reinforce community standards, national aspirations and ideals by acknowledging actions and achievement and thereby identifying role models at all levels and in all spheres of the community.
While endeavour may have been sustained over many years, in essence, membership of the Order of Papua New Guinea is not an award for long service but for outstanding service.
The Orders of Papua New Guinea consist of three separate Orders – namely, The order of Logohu (“Logohu” being Motuan for the nation’s popular icon, the Bird of Paradise) as its principal Order, The Order of the Star of Melanesia, and The Order of Valour.
The Order of Logohu comprises four classes:
• Grand Companion;
• Member; and
• National Logohu Medal.
The Order of the Star of Melanesia has one class, that of Companion.
The Order of Valour also has one class that of the Cross of Valour.
Papua New Guinea citizens who are appointed to any of the Orders are members of that particular Order, and other persons who are citizens of other countries are “honorary” members.
In addition, there are 8 Medals to recognize specific services in the State Services and the Community; (CMS), (DMS), (DPS), (DCS), (MPS), (MCS), and (CVS).
CMS DMS DPS DCS MPS MCS CVS
The Order of Precedence
The order of precedence of the different levels of the Orders, and the Medals and their post-nominal indicated in brackets, is as follows:
Cross of Valour (CV)
Grand Companion of Logohu (GCL)
Companion of the Star of Melanesia (CSM)
Officer of Logohu (OL)
Member of Logohu (ML)
National Logohu Medal (LM)
Cross of Medical Service Medal (CMS)
Distinguished Military Service Medal (DMS)
Distinguished Police Service Medal (DPS)
Distinguished Correctional Service Medal (DCS)
Meritorious Emergency Service Medal (MES)
Meritorious Public Service Medal (MPS)
Meritorious Community Service Medal (MCS)
Commendation for Valuable Service Medal (CVS)
Eligibility and Selection Criteria
The Cross of Valour shall be awarded for selfless act of extreme courage taken at very great risk of one’s life. It may be awarded posthumously.
Appointments as Grand Companions of Logohu shall be made for pre-eminent achievement and merit of the highest degree in service, normally sustained over a period of no less than 20 years, to Papua New Guinea or to humanity – and which can demonstrate sustained commitment. This is limited to 50 living persons, not including the Governor-General and honorary appointments.
Appointments as Companions of the Star of Melanesia shall be made for distinguished service of a high degree in any field to Papua New Guinea and to the Asia Pacific Region, particularly the Melanesian nations, or to humanity, considered to be inspirational and significant at the national level, or sustained over a period of no less than 15 years.
Appointments as Officers of Logohu shall be made for distinguished service to the nation, or local community, sustained over a minimum period of 10 years.
Appointments as Member of Logohu shall be made for commendable service in a particular area of endeavour, or a combination of areas of service to the nation, or a local community, normally for a period of at least 7 years.
Awards of the National Logohu Medal shall be made to persons who have rendered exemplary service in their careers or profession or industry group or to the community generally over a period of at least 5 years.
The medals of The Orders shall awarded to persons for distinguished or meritorious service in the State Services and the community, normally for a minimum period of 3 years.
Style and Title of the Governor-General
As Chancellor of The Orders, the Governor-General is appointed as Grand Companion of the Order of Logohu and bestowed the title of “Grand Chief”.
In addition, a citizen, limited to one living person, is honoured with the award of Grand Companion of the Order of Logohu conferred with the title of “Grand Chief” for a most distinguished and unique service to Papua New Guinea. This honour has been bestowed on the “Father of the Nation” Grand Chief Michael Somare.
To all other recipients, the Grand Companion of the Order of Logohu is conferred with the title of “Chief”.
FULL STYLE AND TITLE
His Excellency Grand Chief Sir Michael Ogio, Knight Grand Cross of the Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George, Knight of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem.
Short Style and Title
His Excellency, Grand Chief Sir Michael Ogio, G.C.M.G., K.St.J.
Style and Title of Lady Ogio
Her Excellency Lady Ogio, C.St.J.
Recipients are invited to a ceremony where they are presented with their award in the Order of Papua New Guinea by the Governor General of the Independent State of Papua New Guinea (dependent on location and level of award).
Investitures take place twice a year, usually in April and September.